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26/04/2021 – Innovation / Nutraceutical / Microbiome / Tata Chemicals

AI for the gut – Immunity and the microbiome

Thanks to its timely digital forays, Tata NQ – the nutraceutical business of India’s Tata Chemicals – is powering pioneering microbiome innovation.


A worrying rise in the prevalence of lifestyle diseases, combined with growing consumer awareness of wellness, had already given the nutraceutical sector across the world a boost in recent years. And then 2020 happened. 


The onset of the Covid-19 pandemic and the resultant uptick in the consumers’ desire to build immunity triggered a dramatic surge in demand within the nutraceutical market. Thanks to its timely digital forays into product innovation, Tata NQ – the nutraceutical business of Tata Chemicals – was well-poised to respond with agility to such concerns, and explore solutions with the help of Big Data. Developed by sister company Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), the highly advanced tools have enabled Tata NQ to make sense of the massive amount of data generated by the billions of unique micro-organisms in the gut, slashing the investment and time towards new product development, and creating the potential for more personalised – and thus effective – formulations.


Gut feeling


“Differentiation in our products comes from the strong science on which they are built; products from the nutritional business are no exception,” said KR Venkatadri, Chief Operations Officer of Nutrition Science at Tata Chemicals, who previously served as Chief Innovation and Digital Officer for Tata Chemicals. “We knew that our prebiotics – FOSSENCE (fructo oligosaccharide or FOS) and GOSSENSE (galacto oligosaccharide or GOS) – impact health through the gut microbiome. The mode of action is what we wanted to learn. This initiated our study of microbiome, big data and mining of the data.”


Microbiome is the scientific name for the complete set of micro-organisms – trillions of them – living in our bodies. And the gut, also often referred to as ‘the second brain’, is home to 10 times the amount of microbial cells found in the rest of the body. Prebiotics are well known to act as fuel for good bacteria in the gut, while in tandem reducing the pathogenic or bad bacteria. In early 2015, Tata NQ began looking to further its knowledge of Indian gut microbiome.


“While the United States and some European countries had commissioned a few studies at that time, no large-scale mapping study had been done here,” said Rahul Gupta, Business Head of Tata Chemicals’  Nutritional Solutions division. “We were the first to conduct a large-scale pan-India microbiome study.”


Deploying Big Data


Working with big data tools developed by Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) to tackle the massive amount of data generated by the billions of unique micro-organisms in the gut, Tata Chemicals began to gain understanding of the microbiome in relation to unique Indian parameters. They also completed one of the longest prebiotic intervention studies in the world to understand how fructo oligosaccharide (FOS) works on the microbiome.


“The realisation came that if we want to build the next generation of product line, it is of utmost importance to understand how these products work, what are the health benefits and how they are delivered,” said Dr Anirban Bhaduri, Senior Scientist at Tata Chemicals. “We had to use big data concepts for any form of understanding and to find uniqueness and trends that we could translate to our products.”


So, in 2017, Tata Chemicals formed its own data analytics and bio-informatics team at the Innovation Centre in Pune to build proprietary platforms to connect nutrition, microbiome and host wellness.


Exploring inner-space


“Being a new field, most of the common big-data analytics methods cannot be applied to it. It required customised development,” advised Mr Venkatadri. “We saw this as an opportunity and developed proprietary analytics methods that have enabled us to draw new insights.”


Eight patent applications have come out of this, providing a competitive edge to Tata NQ in identifying new business opportunities, reducing product development time and time to market, controlling development costs, and aiding process optimisation and product positioning.


Tata Chemicals, in many ways, is playing a pioneering role in this space – especially in India. “There are a few multinationals working on it, but we are doing it differently,” attested Dr Bhaduri. “Ours is a predictive approach where we guide the innovation. For example, when some Western companies launched gut health products in India, the efficacies that were high in the European market couldn’t be replicated. The composition of the Indian gut is different. We, on the other hand, had data to model the efficacy of different products for different subjects.


“We have built one of the biggest global knowledge bases on gut microbiome, mapping subjects across geographies, age groups, genders, sedentary habits and other parameters. This helps us ask questions like what kind of ingredients act best in which geographies and which age groups. These are scientific questions, but they give us insight into the business in terms of areas that can be developed, market potential and product positioning,” he told us. “This is critical because what matters in the end is the claim that you have on the product, which is a direct link to your brand. If you can’t support your claim, you will face challenges.”


Slashing time and cost of NPD


Acceptance of in-silico methods for new product development (NPD) in the nutritional business is growing globally. 


They not only cut down the uncertainty involved in jumping into a clinical study too early, but also require lesser investment and time.


In the case of FOS – one of Tata NQ’s flagship products – what was known initially was that it was a basic prebiotic for gut health. Since it had a sweetness, yet with a zero value on the glycaemic index, it could also be considered as a sugar replacement. The in-silico methods developed at Tata NQ spotlighted other use cases. FOS’s impact in the biosynthesis of vitamin D3 meant it had potential in the vitamin market. The fact that it could modulate a specific set of bacteria meant it could help improve immunity. It also revealed the predominance in the Indian gut of Prevotella copri – a micro-organism that is not as prevalent in the Western gut.


“Its role in arthritis is well-noted,” advised Mr Gupta. “The insight allowed us to look at formulation possibilities like FOS-Green Tea Complex. We recently filed a patent on this complex, and it is in early stage of product development.”


Insights like these are helping Tata NQ grow its prebiotics business. Revenue from FOS, which is now being manufactured at the company’s state-of-the-art greenfield facility in Andhra Pradesh, grew by 59 per cent to Rs. 65.15 crore (US$8.96 million) in the 2020 financial year. The product also saw a widening customer base globally. While the Covid-19 pandemic is likely to defer new product introduction in its other businesses in FY21, Tata Chemicals is expecting growth opportunities from the nutraceuticals business.


In addition, Dr Bhaduri was keen to point out that aside from the product development and business development, this knowledge base also helps with the regulatory aspects of NPD as it can flag off potential concerns.


Customer-centricity is key


For the scientists at the Tata Chemicals’ Innovation Centre in Pune – where insights from the microbiome data are being developed into solutions – this credibility and what it means for the end consumer are key motivators. “At the end of the day, customer centricity is important,” Dr Bhaduri stressed. “What we are trying to achieve from all this is the assurance that what we claim on our products is what the end consumer gets.”


Tata NQ’s fructo oligosaccharide, a B2B product, reaches consumers through bakery snacks, beverages, nutri bars, cereals, confectioneries and dairy products, alongside via health supplements. The company’s machine-learning and bio-computing tools allow it to provide better understanding of biological, geographical, cultural and other factors that can be taken into account by its customers to determine the right food design for a cluster segment.


“If such analytics tools have consumer interactions or interfaces, it puts the power in the hands of the consumer to gain more understanding and design their own nutrition choices,” Mr Gupta points out, drawing attention to the next phase of the journey.


The proprietary microbiome analytics platform is the foundation on which Tata NQ is building its response to the growing consumer preference for hyper-personalisation. “We are developing a platform called vGUT to provide personalised nutrition and wellness information,” advised Mr Gupta. “It is powered by machine-learning algorithms. The base data set is a combination of what’s in the public domain and the data from our in-house clinical studies. It allows users to feed in their microbiome data and receive personalised recommendations of types of foods or ingredients to take, and which to avoid. The prototype has been built; we are at an early pilot stage to validate the system.”


This platform can be used by the industry to develop custom nutrition products targeting a segment and be mimicked for data sets beyond microbiome. Scientists at Tata NQ have already begun to explore opportunities in personalised skin care and personalised medicine.


Mr Venkatadri said that the unique microbiome technology developed at the firm’s Innovation Centre can also be leveraged beyond Tata Chemicals, by companies like Tata Consumers Products Ltd, Inzpera, Tata Medical, and so on.


“With Covid, the need for addressing immunity-related aspects and the focus on health has increased tremendously,” he observed, adding that his firm was working to leverage this business requirement. “We would like to leverage digital and analytics interventions at every stage of product development. We are reimagining the business model – and it is transformative.”

Latest issue – Vol 2/21
– Health focus
– Where nutra meets pharma
– Losing less, eating smarter – towards a greener food system
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